GECKO

GECKO, reptile of the order Lacertilia. Six genera belonging to the Gekkonidae family are to be found in Israel. The most common is the house gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus, a nocturnal lizard up to about 4¾ inches (12 cm.) in length, with a soft speckled hide and prehensile feet which enable it to climb walls. Two animals referred to in the Bible are likely to be identical with the gecko. The anakah is included among the unclean swarming things (Lev. 11:30) and has, according to the Mishnah (Ḥul. 9:2), a soft hide. The word anakah means "groan", and the gecko does in fact emit a sound reminiscent of the groan of a sick person. The Book of Proverbs, in its enumeration of the "things which are little upon the earth, but… are exceeding wise" (30:24), mentions the semamit, which "taketh hold with her hands, and is in kings' palaces" (ibid., 28). This description fits the ubiquitous gecko which climbs on walls with feet that resemble hands. Although many other identifications have been suggested for the anakah and the semamit, the gecko fits them best. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Aharoni, Torat ha-Ḥai, 1, pt. 3 (1930), 62–66; Tristram, Nat Hist, 265f.; J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 97. ADD BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 207. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • gecko — [ ʒeko ] n. m. • 1768; mot malais ♦ Lézard grimpeur (lacertiliens) portant aux doigts des quatre pattes des lamelles adhésives. ⇒ tarente. Des geckos. ● gecko nom masculin (latin scientifique moderne gecko, du malais gēkoq) Nom scientifique du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gecko — GÉCKO s.m. Familie de şopârle din ţările calde (Gecko); şopârlă din această familie. – Din fr., engl. gecko. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  GÉCKO s.m. Specie de şopârlă din ţările calde, având degete adezive. [< fr., engl. gecko… …   Dicționar Român

  • Gecko — Geck o (g[e^]k [ o]), n.; pl. {Geckoes} (g[e^]k [=o]z). [Cf. F. & G. gecko; so called from the sound which the animal utters.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any lizard of the family {Geckonid[ae]}. The geckoes are small, carnivorous, mostly nocturnal animals with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gecko — (Ascalabotes), Eidechsen aus der Familie Schuppeneidechsen, nächtl. Thiere von trägem Wesen, mit zurückziehbaren Nägeln. Ihre 30 Arten werden nach der Bildung der Zehen abgetheilt. Südeuropa hat 2 Arten: den Mauer G. (A. murorum), ein häßliches… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • gecko — 1774, from Malay gekoq, said to be imitative of its cry. Earlier forms were chacco (1711), jackoa (1727) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gecko — ► NOUN (pl. geckos or geckoes) ▪ a nocturnal lizard with adhesive pads on the feet, found in warm regions. ORIGIN from a Malay word imitative of its cry …   English terms dictionary

  • gecko — [gek′ō] n. pl. geckos or geckoes [prob. < Malay ge kok, ? echoic of its cry] any of a family (Gekkonidae) of soft skinned, insect eating, tropical and subtropical lizards with a short, stout body, a large head, and suction pads on the feet …   English World dictionary

  • Gecko — This article is about the type of animal. For other uses, see Gecko (disambiguation). Gecko Temporal range: 50 Ma Recent, putatively as early as 110 Ma[1] …   Wikipedia

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